AUSTRALIAN LANDING CRAFT (ALC's)
IN AUSTRALIA DURING WW2

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In 1942 there were three models of Australian Landing Craft (ALCs). The suffix after the ALC denoted their load capacity. So an ALC40 was a 40 ton capacity Landing Craft. Two extra models were introduced in 1944.

Prior to December 1942, the smaller ALC's (32' x 38' x 44') were manufactured at the Ford Factory at Eagle Farm in Brisbane. The two smaller ALC's (ALC5 and ALC20) were built in four sections. The steel hull and the side plates were dipped in sulphuric acid and then washed in phosphoric acid before being coated with zinc chromate.

The ALCs were then assembled at Boggy Creek near Pinkenba on the northern side of the Brisbane River not far from the mouth of the river.

It did not take long to realise that the ALC5 and ALC20 were not suitable for the task ahead. They lacked any adequate sea going capability, had only a range of about 70 to 10 miles, had no accommodation facilities and offered little protection in the event of a surface vessel attack.

The ALC40 was devised in 1943 by cutting the ends off two ALC20's and welding them together. They were manufactured at both the Eagle Farm (Brisbane) and Corio Bay (Geelong) factories of the Ford Motor Company.

Australian Landing Craft Old Name Length Beam Capacity Manufactured 1942-1945
ALC3 ALCV I ? ? ? 21
ALC5 ALCV II 38 feet 13' 6" 5 tons 137
ALC15 ALCM I 44 feet ? 15 tons 176
ALC20 ALCM II 54 feet 13' 6" 20 tons 137
ALC40 ALCV III 66 feet 19' 6" 40 tons 106
ALC120 ALCM III ? ? ? 5

 

43rd Landing Craft Company

 

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This page first produced 29 December 2001

This page last updated 09 March 2008