CRASH OF AN UNKNOWN BOMBER AIRCRAFT
NEAR ARCHERFIELD AIRFIELD,
BRISBANE, QLD
ON 5 JUNE 1942

 

A unknown US bomber crashed possibly in the Archerfield - Brisbane area on 5 June 1942 killing all those on board. The following personnel are the likely personnel killed in this crash. This list was sourced from those who are shown as having died on the 5 June 1942 on the Ipswich US Military Cemetery records:-

 

Rank

First Name

Surname

ASN

Age

Occu

pation

 ID

Occupation

Description

Religion

Date of

 Death

Date of

 Burial

Appli

cation

Date

 

Capt

Richard M

Cone

0-250706

 

7

Officer USA Army

Protestant

5/06/1942

9/06/1942

7/06/1972

 

Capt

Patrick Wm

McIntyre

0-21495

 

7

Officer USA Army

Catholic

5/06/1942

9/06/1942

7/06/1942

 

1st Lt

Tilden H

Phipps Jr

0-355533

 

7

Officer USA Army

Protestant

5/06/1942

9/06/1942

7/06/1972

 

1st Lt

Dwight S

Muckley Jr

0-398662

 

7

Officer USA Army

Protestant

5/06/1942

9/06/1942

7/06/1942

 

 

Edward A

Marschner

 

 

2

Civilian

Protestant

5/06/1942

9/06/1942

7/06/1942

 

 

Henry W

Lysokoski

 

 

2

Civilian

Catholic

5/06/1942

9/06/1942

7/06/1942

 

2nd Lt

James W

Parker

0-38535

26yrs

5

Air Force

Protestant

8/06/1942

11/06/1942

10/06/1942

 

Capt E.N. Loeb was the Applicant for all of the above burials. St Sgt  F.O. Thorne was the undertaker for all of the above Funerals. May Dixon was shown as the Officiating Clergy for all of the above burials except Capt. Patrick William McIntyre.

Another version of the casualty list shows some additional information:-

Captain McIntyre, Patrick W. O-21495 Pilot, Air Corps, HQ 19th Bomber Group Heavy, Fatal.
Second Lieutenant Muckley, Dwight S, Jr., O-398662, Air Corps, 34 Pursuit Squadron?, Fatal.
First Lieutenant Phipps, Tilden. E. Jr., O-355533, Medical Corps, Fatal.
Captain Cone, Richard M., O-250706, 42nd Chemical Laboratory Company, Fatal.
Lysakoski, Henry W., Civilian, Glen Martin Aircraft Company, Fatal.
Marschmer, Edward, Civilian, Glen Martin Aircraft Company, Fatal.
Second Lieutenant Parker, James W., O-385535, Chemical Warfare Service, survived initial crash but subsequently died of wounds on 8 June 1942.

Captain McIntyre, Captain Cone and Mr Lysakoski were re-buried at the Honolulu Memorial, Hawaii.

A First Lieutenant Phipps, Tilden. H. Jr. was buried at the Memorial Cemetery, Oklahoma. Note that although the middle initial is different the date of death is the same - 5 June 1942. Also the Phipps buried at Ipswich US Military Cemetery was a 'H'. It is assumed that there was a mix-up regarding the middle name and that this is the same Phipps that was in the crash on 5 June 1942. These records show him as 'Medical Corps' which is interesting as other records show him as being Air Corps.

The Arlington National Cemetery Web site gives the following information:-

"On May 5, 1942, Muckley, three officers and two civilians were killed "in an airplane accident somewhere in the Far Eastern theater" according to his report of death. The author found that he was killed in a plane crash in Australia, but was unable to determine the crash location. He was initially buried in the American section of Ipswich Cemetery, Brisbane, Australia (Section 1, Block 3, Letter A) on May 9, 1942. Muckley was subsequently reburied in section 12, grave 1776 in Arlington National Cemetery. He was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his actions on February 7, 1942."

It is interesting to note that the above Arlington National Cemetery web site information gives Muckley's date of death as 5 May 1942 and not 5 June 1942 and his burial date as 9 May 1942. The official document below clearly shows Muckley's date of death as 5 June 1942. The Ipswich City Council Cemetery Records show them dying on 5 June 42. Another possibility for the date mix-up could be that they were killed in May and buried at the Lutwyche Military Cemetery in Brisbane and then reburied at Ipswich US Military Cemetery in June. For example Captain Baron Brodine was killed in a crash at Dinmore on 20 February 1942, and was buried at Lutwyche on 21 February but was then removed from Lutwyche and reburied at Ipswich US Military Cemetery on 25 June 1942. The Americans only used Lutwyche Cemetery for a short while until the Ipswich US Military Cemetery was available. Another possibility with the difference in the dates could be the confusion caused by the different way Americans and Australians show calendar dates. For example Australians would show 5 June 1942 as 5/6/42 whereas Americans would show 5 June 1942 as 6/5/42.

2nd Lt Dwight Muckley ASN#O-398662 was a member of the 34th Pursuit Squadron, 35th Pursuit Group in the Philippines and because he was a pilot without an aircraft, he was evacuated to Australia in late December 1941/early January 1942.  Originally he was in the 20th Pursuit Squadron (Provisional). He left Amberley on the 29 January 1942. Due to the losses both in transit and on arrival, the unit was absorbed by the 17th Pursuit Squadron (Provisional) to make up for their own losses. He became a highly respected member of the 17th Pursuit Squadron (Provisional) in Java. He was awarded one of the seven Distinguish Flying Cross’s to be issued to that Unit in that short and violent campaign. Ironically he was again evacuated back from the war zone to Australia on the 3 March 1942 by 7th /19th Bomb Group B-17E Flying Fortress via Broome/Pearce.

Muckley's Distinguished Flying Cross was awarded posthumously to recognise an incident where Second Lieutenant Muckley and his wingman had attacked a flight of eight Japanese fighters on 7 February 1942 over Bali, Dutch East Indies. Muckley became separated from his wingman during the dogfight. Muckley subsequently noticed that his wingman was being attacked by the Japanese, so he broke off his attack on the Japanese formation and returned to defend his wingman. Muckley's aircraft was heavily damaged in the dogfight, but he was able to land safely.

Second Lieutenant Muckley was initially buried in the American section of Ipswich US Military Cemetery, Ipswich, Australia (Section 1, Block 3, Letter A) on 9 June 1942. Muckley was subsequently reburied in Section 12, Grave 1776 in Arlington National Cemetery. He was posthumously awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his actions on 7 February 1942. Camp Muckley, a US Military Camp near Archerfield Airfield in Brisbane was named after Second Lieutenant Dwight S. Muckley, Jr.

McIntyre Field (Tocumwal Airfield) was named after Captain Patrick W. McIntyre. Refer the following replica of General Order No 19:-

 

Headquarters
United States Army Air Services
Southwest Pacific Area
Office of the Commanding General
APO 501

25 July 1942.

General Orders )

No.................19 )

 

                                                                                                                                       Section
Designation of McIntyre Field .................................................................................       I

                      I.    DESIGNATION OF McINTYRE FIELD. - Announcement is hereby made that the flying field at Tocumwal, N.S.W. is named McINTYRE FIELD in honor of Captain Patrick W. McIntyre, Air Corps, U.S. Army, who was killed on June 5, 1942, while testing a bombardment airplane near Archerfield, Brisbane, Qld.

                      By command of Major General LINCOLN:

MILLARD C. YOUNG,
Colonel, Air Corps,
Executive

OFFICIAL:

                                     GUY W. SAUNDERS,
                                Lieutenant Colonel, Air Corps,
                                Acting Adjutant General.

A TRUE COPY:         John C. Davis

                                     JOHN C. DAVIS
                                     1st Lt, Air Corps

 

 

The Pilot of the aircraft was Lt. Patrick W. McIntyre (0-21495) and his co-pilot was 2nd Lt Dwight Summer Muckley Jnr. (0- 398662). Also on board was a doctor and two representatives from Glenn Martin aviation. There was also two army chemical warfare staff. One of these two personnel apparently lived for a while and died the next day.

Captain Richard Morton Cone, 0250706, of NY, USA was from the 42nd Chemical Laboratory Company (42nd CML Lab Co.). In December 1942, the 42nd Chemical Laboratory Co. was based at Clayfield in Brisbane under the command of Captain H.W. Hillis. Captain Cone and 2nd Lt. Parker were carrying out experiments to determine whether incendiary bombs could be improvised from training bombs, using gasoline thickened with crude rubber as a filling.

No record can be found on this crash. It is believed that McIntyre was from HQ Squadron of the 19th Bomb Group, so was the aircraft a B-17 Flying Fortress perhaps.

Why are there no records of this accident. Was it due to poor record keeping in that early part of the war or was it a cover-up, perhaps something to do with the Chemical Warfare officers on board. Why did it take 4 days for them to be buried at the Ipswich US Military Cemetery? Did this accident happen in the Brisbane area or further afield?

Mike Thomason of the Pueblo Community College, Pueblo, Colorado contacted me on 18 January 2003 as follows:-

"I'm still seeking information re a May 5, 1942 crash "somewhere in the Pacific theater" of a Pueblo pilot. LT Dwight S. Muckley, Jr. was with the 34th Pursuit Squadron, attached to the 24th Pursuit Group, when he and (according to a Pueblo newspaper report) "three officers and two civilians" died in a plane crash. My guess is that the crash was in northern Australia; he was temporarily buried in Ipswich Cemetery (under contract with the US govt.) and later reburied in Arlington National Cemetery. "

"The Australian Min. of Defense, National Archives, and National Library have no information, and any assistance or direction you could provide would be greatly appreciated."

 


 

The US 'Aviation Archaeology' website shows the following entry:-

Date      Aircraft Type    Serial Number  Sqdn   Group   Home Base       AF      Action  D     Pilot   Country US State     Location       
420605   UNKNOWN       UNKNOWN                                Archer Field, Queensland                    5       Mcintyre, Pat W       AST           Archer Field, Queensland

Mike Stowe at accireport@comcast.net has offered the following information to Major Michael Leichsenring, ex Researcher at the Office of Air Force History - RAAF:-

I've found that the 19th Bomb Group began receiving new B-17E airplanes near the end of May 1942.  The B-17E had many differences from the previous models.  It's possible that the civilians were checking out new equipment, training aircrews, or simply observing. In any case, among the losses of the first B-17Es I found that 41-2645 was assigned to the 19th on May 20, 1942, but condemned on June 12, 1942.  This had to be due to accident or enemy action

My records show that 41-2645 was B-17E "Miss Carriage" which was initially in 28th Sqaudron,19th Bomb Group but later 43rd Bomb Group. It was relegated to salvage on about 11 Nov 1942 and written off on 6 Dec 1942.

If it was a B-17, I'm not sure which one it was. The only two that I can find that crashed on 5 June 1942 were:-

#41-2415 "City of Francisco" pilot 1st Lt Robert Porter, crashed  in the Battle of Midway
#41-2529 pilot Capt Glenn Kramer, crashed in the Battle of Midway

 


 

Major Michael Leichsenring suggested the possibility that the bomber may have been a B-26 Marauder which had a standard crew of 7 which matches the number of fatalities in this tragic accident. 

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I'd like to thank Russ Walter, Mike Thomason, Bob Livingstone, Noel Brettoner, Bob Piper, Michael Nelmes, Mike Stowe, Major M. Leichsenring, Rick Cone and Chris Jamesson for their assistance with this web page.

 

Can anyone help me with more information on this crash?

 

I need your help

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©  Peter Dunn 2015

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This page first produced 9 April 2007

This page last updated 31 August 2015