ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY DEFENCES
IN AUSTRALIA DURING WW2
Including Searchlight Batteries

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FIXED COAST DEFENCES
(Forts and Coastal gun batteries)

 

BUNKER. TUNNELS, ETC

 

Fixed Coast and Anti-Aircraft defences in Australia in September 1943 were organised as follows:-

New South Wales 2nd Australian Army
Northern Territory NT Force
Queensland 1st Australian Army
Victoria 2nd Australian Army
Western Australia 3rd Australian Corps

 

QUEENSLAND

BRISBANE AREA

The Australian Heavy Anti-aircraft Batteries in the Brisbane area were manned
by the following Batteries of the 2/2nd HAA Regiment:-

- 6th HAA Battery    
- 38th HAA Battery  
- 2/5th HAA Battery  

The Australian Light anti-aircraft Batteries in the Brisbane area were manned by:-

- 113th LAA Regiment
- 114th LAA Regiment

 

US Anti-aircraft Gun positions in the Brisbane area were manned by:-

94th Coastal Artillery (AA) Regiment,
40th Anti-aircraft Brigade

 

Abattoirs Bofors Anti-aircraft gun site, Colmslie, Brisbane
(now in suburb of Queensport)
Anti-aircraft Guns and Searchlight Units on Mount Coot-tha Archerfield Airfield Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery
(Australian Army)
Archerfield US Anti-aircraft Battery  Balmoral Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery ( 3.7mm)
(above Balmoral Bowls Club, Brisbane)
Brisbane River US Anti-aircraft batteries (a number of positions)
Bulimba Anti-aircraft gun site
(end of Quay Street, Bulimba)
Bulimba/Apollo Road Anti-aircraft gun site Cloudland Light Anti-aircraft Battery
(Bowen Hills, near Luna Park)
Colmslie Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun, later moved to Lytton
(Colmslie Beach area?, Brisbane)
Colmslie Mobile Anti-aircraft Gun Site
southern side of Lytton Road
Eagle Farm US Anti-aircraft battery
Hemmant Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery
(Fleming Road. Hemmant, Brisbane)
Hendra Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery
(West of Eagle Farm airfield)
Hendra Light Anti-aircraft Battery
Kangaroo Point Light Anti-aircraft Battery Lytton 6th H.A.A. Gun Station 385 Lytton
adjacent to Fort Lytton (formerly 385 Colmslie)
In service Aug 43, disbanded Jan 45
Morningside Anti-aircraft battery
Mount Gravatt U.S. Searchlight Battery
(On top of Mount Gravatt, Brisbane)
Murrarie Anti-aircraft Searchlights, US Army Myrtletown Light Anti-aircraft Battery
(On a farm at Myrtletown)
Newstead Point Light Anti-Aircraft Battery (Australian)
(Newstead Park, Breakfast Creek, Brisbane - Norman Banks of 2/6 Regiment was based there)
Petrie US Anti-aircraft battery Pinkenba Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery
(east of Eagle Farm airfield)
Victoria Park Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery
(Victoria Park Golf Course, Brisbane)
Whinstanes Light Anti-aircraft Battery  
TOWNSVILLE AREA
79th Australian Anti-aircraft Search Light Battery (79 Aust AASL Bty)
(Pallarenda/Rowes Bay, Townsville)
136 Australian Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery Mount St. John 190 Australian Anti-aircraft Searchlight Troop, Pallarenda
191 Australian Anti-aircraft Searchlight Troop, Aitkenvale 208th Anti Aircraft Battalion Battery
(The Strand, Stanton Hill, South Townsville, mouth of Ross River and Cape Cleveland)
232 Australian Light Anti-aircraft Battery, "A" Troop, Mount St. John
232 Australian Light Anti-aircraft Battery, "B" Troop, Garbutt 393 Australian Heavy Anti-Aircraft
Gun Station Class A Mount St John, 16 HAA Battery
394 Australian Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Class A, 16 HAA Battery Pallarenda,
395 Australian Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Class A, 16 HAA Battery The Strand 396 Australian Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Aitkenvale, 16th HAA Battery (Now 7-9 Bartlett St, Mundingburra) 445 Australian Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station, 16 HAA Battery Nelly Bay,  (Magnetic Island)
476 Australian Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station, Ross River 556 Australian Light Anti-aircraft Battery "A" Troop, Garbutt Airfield
(556 Aust. Lt. A.A. Bty "A" Tp)
556 Australian Light Anti-aircraft Battery "A" Troop, Garbutt
(556 Aust. Lt. A.A. Bty "B" Tp)
607 Australian Light Anti-aircraft Troop (607 Lt AA Bty), Harbour Area Townsville Headquarters (LE) North Queensland Anti-aircraft Group
HQ (LE) North Qld A.A. Group, 7 Paxton St., Townsville
Headquarters 7 Australian Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery
(H.Q. 7 Aust Hy A.A. Bty)
128 Sussex St
Headquarters 16 Australian Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery, Jimmy's Lookout
(H.Q. 16 Aust. HAA Bty.
Headquarters 52 Australian Anti-aircraft Searchlight Battery (M)
(H.Q. 52 Aust. A.A.S.L. Bty)
Ross River/Aitkenvale
Headquarters 75 Australian Mobile Searchlight Battery
(H.Q. 75 Aust Mobile S/L Bty)
Pallarenda
Headquarters 109 Australian Heavy Searchlight Troop (H.E.), Horseshoe Bay, Magnetic Island
(H.Q. 109 Aust Hy. S.L. Tp.)
Pallarenda
Headquarters 110 Australian Heavy Searchlight Troop (H.E.), Aitkenvale
H.Q. 110 Aust. Hy. S.:. Tp. (H.E.)
Headquarters 111 Australian Heavy Searchlight Troop (HE)
(H.Q. 111 Aust. Hy. S.L. Tp.)
Mundingburra/Aitkenvale
Headquarters 112 Australian Heavy Searchlight Troop (HE), Cluden Racecourse
H.Q. 112 Aust. Hy. S.L. Tp. (H.E.)
Headquarters 124 Australian Heavy Searchlight Troop (HE), Pallarenda
H.Q. 124 Aust. Hy. S.L. Tp. (H.E.)
Headquarters 129 Australian Heavy Searchlight Troop (HE), Mundingburra
H.Q. 129 Aust. Hy. S.L. Tp. (H.E.)
Headquarters 556 Australian Light Anti-aircraft Battery, Mount St. John
(H.Q. 556 Aust Lt. A.A. Bty)
Jimmy's Lookout Anti-aircraft Gun & Search Light Battery
(Townsville)
Mount St. John 16 Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery
HQ 16 Aust AA Bty
(Townsville)
Nelly Bay Anti-aircraft Battery
16th HAA Battery (Magnetic Island)
Pitt's Ridge Anti-aircraft Battery
(Between Oonoomba and Cluden in Townsville)
Ross Battery
7 Heavy Battery
(southern side of the mouth of Ross River)
Stanton Hill Anti-aircraft Battery
Our Ladys Mount School, Townsville
Townsville Anti-aircraft Operations Room
A.A. Ops Room
7 Paxton St, Townsville
Wills Street Anti-aircraft Gun
(Townsville - on a rock ledge opposite the intersection with Wills Street)
 
114 Light Anti Aircraft Artillery Regiment, 165 Battery, 607 Troop
on Breakwater near Townsville Harbour
   
REST OF QUEENSLAND
34th Australian Anti-aircraft Battery
at Kings Point, Horn Island
Amberley Airfield Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery (Australian Army) Lissner Park, Charters Towers American Anti-aircraft battery
Lowood US Anti-aircraft Battery US Anti-aircraft Battery & Radar Station
McLelland's Lookout
Paluma area
 

 

NEW SOUTH WALES

132 AASL Section, 70 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
133 AASL Section, 52 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
134 AASL Section, 52 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
135 AASL Section, 52 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
136 AASL Section, 52 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
137 AASL Section, 61 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
138 AASL Section, 61 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
139 AASL Section, 61 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
140 AASL Section, 61 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
141 AASL Section, 62 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
142 AASL Section, 62 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
143 AASL Section, 62 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
144 AASL Section, 62 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
174 AASL Section, 70 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
175 AASL Section, 70 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
176 AASL Section, 70 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
198 AASL Section, 52 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
199 AASL Section, 61 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
209 AASL Section, 70 AASL Coy
(Sydney area)
Anti-aircraft Operations Room, 69 Milson Road, Cremorne, Sydney Balls Head Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Bankstown 362 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)

Bankstown, 124 Canterbury Rd 221 LAA Battery, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney)

Belmore Drill Hall, 52 AASL Coy, Headquarters 1 AASL Battalion
(Sydney area)

"Braeside", Townson St, Blakehurst HQ 103 HAA Regt, HQ NSW L of C Area
(Sydney area)
Brighton le Sands 426 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Camden 132 HAA Battery, HQ 103 HAA Regiment
(Sydney area)
Camden 133 HAA Battery, HQ 103 HAA Regiment
Sydney area)
Cammeray Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Cantebury Racecourse HQ 111 LAA Regiment, HQ NSW L of C
(Sydney area)
Cantebury 2/3 LAA Battery, HQ 111 LAA Regiment
(Sydney area)
Chatswood Drill Hall 62 AASL Coy, Headquarters 1 AASL Battalion
(Sydney area)
Chipping Norton 20 AA Battery, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney)
Clarendon 365 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Clarendon Racecourse 25 AA Battery, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney) Clifton Gardens Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Clempton Park 367 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Concord 361 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Cranbrook Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Domain Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Cremorne 1 AA Battery, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney) Dover Heights Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Five Dock 356 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Fremans Reach 369 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Georges Heights 351 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Gore Hill Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Kembla 17 AA Battery, Headquarters AA Group (Kembla)
(Non operational)
Kensington Golf Club, Roseberry,  Headquarters AA Defence, NSW L of C, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney)
Kensington 425 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Kensington Racecourse HQ 110 LAA Regiment, HQ NSW L of C Area
(Sydney area)
Kensington Racecourse Headquarters 155 LAA Battery, 110 LAA Regiment
(Sydney area)
Kyeemagh 14 AA Battery, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney) Lithgow anti-aircraft gun emplacements and bunkers Malabar 424 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Middle Head Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Milperra 368 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Moore Park 355 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Moore Park Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Moorefield Racecourse 148 LAA Battery, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney) Moorefield Racecourse Headquarters 108 LAA Regiment, HQ NSW L of C
(Sydney area)
Moorefield Racecourse 147 LAA Battery, HQ 108 LAA Regiment
(Sydney area)
North Head 353 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Prospect 7 AA Battery, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney)
Prospect 363 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney area)
Randwick Rifle Range 61 AASL Coy, Headquarters 1 AASL Battalion
(Sydney area)
Randwick 15 AA Battery, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney)
Randwick 134 HAA Battery, 103 HAA Regiment
(Sydney area)
Rose Bay 366 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney Area)
Scheyville 70 AASL Coy, Headquarters 1 AASL Battalion
(Sydney area)
St. James Tunnel, Macquarie St., AA Operations Room, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney) St. Ives 153 LAA Battery, HQ 110 LAA Regiment
(Sydney area)
St. Ives 154 LAA Battery, HQ 110 LAA Regiment
(Sydney area)
St. Leonards 352 HAA Gun Station
(Sydney Area)
Sydney University Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Vaucluse 19 Coolong St HQ AA Def, NSW L of C, HQ NSW L of C Area
(Sydney area)
Vaucluse Searchlight Battery
(Sydney Area)
Vaucluse Headquarters 1 AASL Battalion, Headquarters AA Group (Sydney) Wallgrove Camp Headquarters 2/4 LAA Regiment, CRA 9 Inf Div
(Sydney area)
Wallgrove Camp 2/10 LAA Battery, HQ 2/4 LAA Regt, CRA 9 Inf Div
(Sydney area)
Wallgrove Camp 2/11 LAA Battery,  HQ 2/4 LAA Regt, CRA 9 Inf Div
(Sydney area)
Wallgrove Camp 2/12 LAA Battery,  HQ 2/4 LAA Regt, CRA 9 Inf Div
(Sydney area)

 

NORTHERN TERRITORY

Peanut Farm Searchlight Battery

Quarantine Searchlight Battery Ironstone Searchlight Battery
Lee Point Searchlight Battery Nightcliffe Searchlight Battery Fanny's Bay Searchlight Battery
Dipstone Searchlight Battery Leanyer Searchlight Battery Bagot Searchlight Battery
Emery Point Searchlight Battery Dudley Point Searchlight Battery Searchlight HQ Camp at McMillan

 

SOUTH AUSTRALIA

Hummock Hill Battery

     

 

VICTORIA

Anti-aircraft Operations Room
Preston Towns Hall, Melbourne

Braybrook Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station
(Sunshine)
Coode Island Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station
Essendon Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station No 402
(or North Essendon Battery)
Laverton Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Middle Park Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station
Point Cook Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Williamstown Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Yallourn Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station
1st Location
Yallourn Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station
2nd location
   

 

WESTERN AUSTRALIA

American anti-Aircraft gun emplacement at Wembley American anti-aircraft positions near Fremantle Submarine Base 3.7" Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Kwinana
3.7" Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Buckland Hill, Fremantle 3.7" Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Hope Valley 3.7" Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Lake Coogee area
3.7" Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Garden Island North 3.7" Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Garden Island South 3.7" Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station South Beach Fremantle
22nd Australian Heavy Anti-aircraft Battery
3.7" Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station Skinner Street, Fremantle 3.7" Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station North Fremantle Oval 3.7" Heavy Anti-aircraft Gun Station East Fremantle Oval
116th Light Anti-aircraft Regiment
Had 36 mobile 40mm Bofors Guns at various sites deployed around Fremantle and Perth areas including fighter airfields, Applecross, Crawley and Rottnest Island.
   

 

Search Light Control (Radar) Equipment

 

40mm Bofors Light Anti-aircraft gun

 

There were obviously many more Anti-Aircraft Artillery
installation in Australia during WW2.

Can you please help me with more information?

I'd also like to know the names of the units that manned these guns

 

Can anyone help me with more information?

 

I need your help

Copyright

 Peter Dunn 2015

Disclaimer

Please e-mail me
any information or photographs


"Australia @ War"
8GB USB Memory Stick

 

This page first produced 13 May 2003

This page last updated 25 March 2017