CIVILIAN WAR EFFORT
IN AUSTRALIA DURING WW2

 

Allied Works Council Allied Works Council Workshop Oonoonba, Townsville  Allied Works Council Workshop Stratford near Cairns
Allied Works Council Workshop Camooweal Bitumen Emulsion Plant Oonoonba, Townsville Bitumen Emulsion Plant Charters Towers
Bitumen Emulsion Plant Mount Isa Civil Constructional Corps Queensland Main Roads Commission
Main Roads Commission Mt Louisa Camp, Townsville Main Roads Commission Church Street Camp, Townsville Main Roads Commission Sheridan Street Camp, Cairns
Mount Isa Mines MIM    

 

Production & Repair

A.N.A. Instrument Shop Australian National Airways Engine Overhaul Australian Women's Land Army
Beaufort Production at Chullora, NSW Beaufort Production at Islington, SA Beaufort Production at Newport Railway Workshops, Victoria
Beaufort Bomber rear fuselage
& empennage production
Cairncross Dry Dock
Morningside, Brisbane
Coca Cola Factory Commonwealth Marine Engine Works
Evans Rd., Rocklea
Commonwealth Marine Engine Works
Port Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC
De Haviland Propeller Shop Elphinstones
Echuca Ball Bearing Factory
Echuca, Victoria
Echuca Ordnance Factory
Echuca, Victoria
Ford Motor Factory Corio Bay
Geelong, VIC
Ford Motor Works Eagle Farm
Brisbane, QLD
GMH Allison Overhaul Assembly Plant Government Aircraft Factory (GAF)
GMH Allison Testing Area
Eagle Farm Airfield
Hudson's King & Katts
Motor Supply Company Paul and Gray
(Plexilglass)
Premier Blinds
QANTAS Rocklea Munitions Factory
Rocklea, Queensland
 

 

Transport

Australian National Airlines Queensland Railways QANTAS
Townsville Harbour Board Fuel Rationing and other measures   

 

Welfare
(Clubs, Hostels, Huts, Restrooms)

Air Force Association (AFA) Air Force Club
281 Elizabeth Street (near Creek St), Brisbane.
Open 10am to 10pm daily, including Sundays, Hot and Cold Showers, Good Billiard Tables, Impromptu Dances held first Saturday of every month.
Air Force House
3 Campbell Street, Bowen Hills, Brisbane
Air Force House
97 Goulburn Street, Sydney
Air Force House
 53 Market Street, Melbourne
Aircrew Club of Australia

Air Force Women's Auxiliary (AFWA)

A.I.F.Women's Association

Allied Services Club - The "Dug-out"
operated by Myer Department Store

American Centre
155 Elizabeth St, Sydney
Open 10am to 10pm daily.

American Centre
Old Town Hall Arcade, Queen St., Brisbane
American Postal Exchange (PX), Brisbane
corner of Creek St and Adelaide St.
American Red Cross
(ARC or Amcross)
 American Red Cross Bernly Officers' Club
Springfield Avenue, Sydney
 American Red Cross Centre Coolangatta, Coolangatta Hotel, Coolangatta
 Cheverells American Red Cross Officers' Leave Club, 2 Elizabeth Bay Road, Sydney American Red Cross Officer's Leave Club
128 Ramsgate Avenue, Bondi, Sydney
American Red Cross Nurses' Leave Club, 79 Macleay Street, Sydney
American Red Cross Service Club No. 1
165 Phillip Street, Sydney
American Red Cross Service Club No. 2
351 Pitt Street, Sydney
American Red Cross Booker T. Washington Club
207 Albion Street, Sydney
American Red Cross Hostel
Corner Adelaide Street and Creek Street, Brisbane
American Red Cross Service Club
Centenary House, corner Exhibition Street and Little Collins Street, Melbourne
American Red Cross Service Club, Terrica House, Corner of Creek and Adelaide Streets, Brisbane.
Anzac Buffet
Hyde Park, Sydney
Open 9:30am to 10pm daily.
A.R.C. Service Bureau
Barrack Street, Sydney
David Jones' Store
Open 24 hrs daily
Australian & Allied Soldiers Club
44 Macleay Street, Sydney
Australian Army Canteen Service (AACS) Australian Comforts Fund Women's Officer's Club, Elizabeth Bay Road, Kings Cross Australian Comforts
Fund Rooms, Townsville
in Town Hall, near Post Office
Australian Comforts Fund Australian Comfort Fund, Kinneil Officers Club, 15 Elizabeth Bay Road, Kings Cross Australian Comforts Fund, Melbourne
Australian Defence Canteen Service Club
Railway Square, Sydney
Australian Legion of Ex-Servicemen and Women Australian Red Cross
(Austcross)
 Australian Red Cross
Townsville
Australian Women's Flying Club (AWFC) Australian Women's Legion (AWL)
Australian Women’s National League (A.W.N.L) Australian Women’s Polish War Victims Relief Committee British Women's Legion
Camberwell Women's War Service Unit – formed in Camberwell VIC during WW2 Catholic United Services Auxiliary (CUSA) Catholic Welfare Organisation
Catholic Women's Social Guild Central Women’s Auxiliary of the Returned Soldiers and Sailors Imperial Association of Australia Cheer Up Society –  Formed in South Australia
Church of England Help Society (CEHS) C.E.N.E.F. Club
Kings Cross
This may be the Church of England National Emergency Fund?
For men of fighting forces and
women of auxiliary services.
Country Women's Association Service Women's Club
52 Bayswater Road, Darlinghurst, Sydney
Open daily.
Country Women’s Association South Australia (CWASA) C.U.S.A. Hall
Harrington Street, Sydney (entrance in Gloucester Street)
Open 10am to 10pm.
C.U.S.A. Hut
St. Mary's Cathedral
Open 9am to 10pm daily,
except Sunday, 8am to 10pm.
"Dig for Victory" Movement Dutch Officer's Club, Brisbane
"Mornington", Gregory Terrace, Brisbane
later in Elizabeth St., Brisbane
Dutch & Netherlands East Indies Servicemen's Hostel
364 Beaconsfield Parade, St. Kilda, Melbourne
Dutch Officer's Club,
In a large wooden dormitory building at the University of Western Australia, Perth WA
Dutch Officer's Club
23 Wentworth Street, Point Piper, Sydney
Emergency Welfare Service
Everyman's Welfare Service Fighting Forces Comforts Fund (FFCF) Everyman's Hut
Stanley Street, Townsville
First Aid Nursing Yeomanry (FANY) - British organisation formed in WW1 and extended into WWII Forces Reading Room
108 Hunter Street, Sydney
Open 10am to 10pm daily.
Girl Guide Thrift Depot
H.M.A.S. Sydney Fund - established after the loss of HMAS Sydney WW2 Home Service Girls Hospitality Hut
Queen's Square, Sydney
Open 10am to 8pm daily.
Hostel for Dutch & Netherlands East Indies Servicemen, Queen's Mansions, 4 Beaconsfield Parade, St. Kilda, Melbourne  Hostel Meriden, 437 St. Kilda Road, Melbourne
(Run by the Australian Comforts Fund and the Young Women's Christian Association YWCA for Servicewomen on leave)
Junior Red Cross
 Kaloola Hut
501 Pitt Street, Sydney
(Opposite Central Station)
Open 10am to 10pm daily.
Lady Wilson Red Cross Convalescent Home in Chelmer Limbless Soldiers Association
Lord Mayor’s Comforts Fund    
Lord Mayor’s Fund Lord Mayor’s Patriotic Fund Lord Mayor’s Patriotic and War Fund NSW – A Branch of the ACF
 Mackay Rest Leave Area  Munition Workers Association National Defence League
Canteen & Rest Room
173 Phillip Street, Sydney
(near King Street)
Open daily to 10pm.
National Emergency Service Fund - established in WWII Navy League Netherlands Indies Welfare Organisation of Evacuees N.I.W.O.E.
ran Hostel for NEI evacuees in "Roseville" at 56 Chester St, Teneriffe, possibly known as NEI Camp
Netherlands Indies Welfare Organisation of Evacuees N.I.W.O.E.
Temple Court, 422 Collins St., Melbourne
J. van Holst Pellekaan was the head of this organisation in Melbourne
N.E.I. Camp New Farm
See Netherlands Indies Welfare Organisation N.I.W.O.E.
N.E.I. Camp Coolangatta
North American Service Club B14
American Red Cross
380 Flinders Street West, Townsville
Partially Blinded Soldier’s Association of Australia Patriotic Younger Set Auxiliary
Presbyterian and Methodist Hostel
Soldiers' Welfare Association, Turbot Street, Brisbane
Prisoner of War (POW) - Association Queensland Country Women's Association
(CWA) Townsville
Queensland Patriotic Fund Rats of Tobruk Association Red Shield Club Melbourne
(set up by the Australian Comforts Fund and conducted by the Salvation Army under direction of Brigadier Giles)
Red Shield House Melbourne
(set up by the Australian Comforts Fund and conducted by the Salvation Army under direction of Brigadier Giles)
Riviera
Sailors' and Soldiers' C. of E. Help Society
325 North Quay, Brisbane
Royal Australian Air Force Association (Air Force Association)
Royal Australian Air Force Locker Fund (RAAF Locker Fund) Royal Naval House
30 Grosvenor Street, Sydney
RSL War Service Fund
R.S.S.A.I.L.A.
Troop Welfare Committee (City Branch)
Basement Brisbane City Hall,
St. George's Square
(now King George Square).
Open Daily 9am to 11pm. Sundays 9am to 10pm.
Salvation Army Headquarters
Ann Street, Brisbane
Salvation Army, Townsville
Salvation Army's Red Shield House Sailors and Soldiers Church of England Help Society Scots Church Presbyterian Hut
Seamen's Institute
Macrossan Street, Petrie Bight
Open 10am to 11pm daily. Entertainment at night.
Servicemen's Hostel
320 Sussex Street, Sydney
Showgrounds Canteen
Soldiers Welfare Club South Australian Schools Patriotic Fund St. Andrew's Church of England Hostel
Cathedral Place, Sydney
St. Andrew's Cathedral Hut
George Street, Sydney
Open 8:30am to 10pm daily.
St. George's Hostel
Sailors' and Soldiers' Church of England Help Society
Wharf Street between Adelaide Street and Ann Street (M. and R. St. George's Club)
St. George's Service Club
Sailors' and Soldiers' C. of E. Help Society
Corner Creek Street and Ann Street, opposite St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church.
Open daily 9am to 10pm Sunday entertainments between 2pm and 8:30pm. Concert, community singing and games.
St. Michael's Rest Rooms
C.U.S.A., 288 Adelaide Street, near Creek Street.
Hot and Cold Showers, Ping Pong Tables.
Open daily 10am to 10pm.
St. Oswald's Hostel
North Quay, between Victoria Bridge and Grey Street Bridge, Bed and Breakfast
St. Paul's Cathedral Hut
The Brisbane Hostel
Queensland Temperance League
Creek Street, adjoining American Red Cross Club
"Time Off" Club
Elizabeth Street,
opposite Wintergarden Theatre.
R. and light refreshments.
TOC H
TOC H Services Club
Desmond Chambers, 303 Adelaide Street.
Hot and Cold Showers.
Open 9am to 11pm daily.
TOC H Services Club
12 Loftus Street, Sydney
(near Circular Quay)
Open 9am to 10pm daily.
Totally and Permanently Incapacitated Soldier's Association
Union Jack Club
Wickham Terrace (near Trades Hall), Brisbane
United Services Cafe United War Fund
US Army Canteen
Woolworth's Building, Queen Street, Brisbane
Open to American Services only
from 11am to 11pm daily
United States Army Canteen
Creek Street, Brisbane
Victoria League Hospitality Bureau
Victorian Women's Journalists' War Service Committee Voluntary Aid Detachments Women's All Services Canteen
Central Station, Sydney
Open 7am to 10:30pm daily.
Women's Auxiliary Women's Auxiliary Australian Air Force Association (WAAAFA) Women's All Services Canteens
Women's Auxiliary Service Patriots (WASP) Yass Women’s Voluntary Service - formed in Yass (NSW) during WWII Y.M.C.A. Hostel
YMCA Buildings, 288 Edward Street, Brisbane
Y.M.C.A. Rest Room
325 Pitt Street, Sydney
(near Bathurst Street)
Open 9am to 10pm daily.
YMCA, Townsville Y.W.C.A. Open House
185 Liverpool Street, Sydney
Open Saturday 1:30pm to 11:30pm.
Sunday, 1:30pm to 10:30pm

 

Civil Defence and other Military Work

1 Australian Discrimination Unit
manned Observation Centres for Radio Surveillance
Air Raid Precautions Air Raid Shelters
AMP Exchange Female Civilian Operators Australian Air League Australian Defence League (ADL)
Australian Women Munition Workers (AWMW) Australian Women's Land Army (AWLA) Australian Women's Flying Club (AWFC)
 Australian Women's Fire Auxiliary (AWFA) Australian Women's Service Corps (AWSC) "Bataan" Exchange Civilian Operators
Camoufleurs in Department of Home Security Civil Defence Coastal Radio Service
Colin Jupp, 16 year old school boy - an accidental Guerilla Fighter Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Aeronautics Division CSIRO Radiophysics Laboratory, Sydney University, develop Search Light Control Apparatus (Radar)
Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) Department of Aircraft Production (DAP) – Beaufort Division Department of Home Security
Enemy Raids Precautions Services (ERP) - Canberra Naval Auxiliary Patrol (NAP) Navy League
New South Wales National Emergency Service (NSWNES) formed in1940 Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve - British organisation formed in WW1 and extended into WWII Queensland Civil Defence
South Australia Civil Defence Tasmania Civil Defence Legion Victoria Air Raid Precautions
Volunteer Air Observer Corps (VAOC) Volunteer Coastal Patrol (VCP) Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC)
Volunteer Emergency Psychological Service Women's Australian National Service (WANS) - formed in June 1940

Women's Auxiliary Transport Service (WATS)

Women’s Emergency Corps (WEC) Women's Air Training Corps (WATC) Women's Emergency Signalling Corps (WESC)
Women's National Emergency Legion (WNEL) - A Queensland organisation formed in 1939.

Women’s National Emergency Legion Air Wing - A Queensland organisation formed at Archerfield aerodrome in January 1939

Women's Voluntary National Register (WVNR) - formed in 1939

Women’s Voluntary Service  

 

 

Austerity Measures

Charcoal Burners National Paper Salvage Collection Rationing
Salvage Corps Water Restrictions  

 

Civilian Life

Blackouts Boxing Brothels located in Brisbane during WW2
Brothel in a house at Stuart, near Stuart Prison, Townsville Censors Dances, Bands, Concerts, Vaudeville and Entertainment
Hotels Picture Theatres Race Tracks
Shingle Inn Swimming Baths WWII Female Relatives Badge

 

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©  Peter Dunn 2015

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This page first produced 17 December 2002

This page last updated 22 April 2017