CHEMICAL WARFARE IN AUSTRALIA
DURING WWII

 

The Chemical Warfare Plan
Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA)

 

Military Units

1 Chemical Co Detachment, 22nd Bomb Group 1st Australian Chemical Warfare Company RAE (Australian Army) 1st Australian Field Trials Company RAE
2 Chemical Coy, 3rd Bomb Group 2/1 Australian Chemical Warfare Laboratory (Australian Army)
at Broadmeadows, VIC and St John's Wood, Brisbane, QLD
10th Chemical Maintenance Co.
In Sep 42 leased Palmerosa, then
Crosby Park, Brisbane
28th Chemical Company 42nd Chemical Laboratory Co.
Ingarfield Private Hospital, 90 Bonney Ave, Clayfield, Brisbane
62nd Chemical Depot Co. Det.
Initially at 59 Bonney Ave, Clayfield then 32 Gregory Rd, Clayfield in about April 42 and then Crosby Park, Brisbane
105th Chemical Impreg. Co.
Crosby Park, Brisbane
Australian Chemical Warfare Research and Experimental Section Bowen Chemical Research Unit (RAAF)
Chemical Warfare Physiology School Townsville (Australian Army) Chemical Warfare Section, No 1 Central Reserve, Marrangaroo, NSW (RAAF) Chemical Warfare Physiology School Melbourne
RAAF Chemical Research Unit US Chemical Warfare Service (US Army)  

 

Non-Military Bodies

Chemical Warfare Board - later the Chemical Defence Board Munitions Laboratory (Chemical Defence Laboratories), Chemical Defence Section, Maribyrnong, VIC  

 

Stations/Offices

Australian Chemical Warfare Research and Experimental Station Innisfail, QLD (Australian Army) Australian Field Experimental Stations (AFES) Gunyarra, Proserpine (Australian Army) Chemical Warfare School Annexe
(60 Riverview Terrace, Hamilton, Brisbane)
Chemical Warfare School
(107 Windermere Rd., Hamilton, Brisbane)
Chemical Warfare Depot
(Crosby Park, Brisbane)
Chemical Office
(Perry House, Brisbane)
Chemical Warfare Physiology School Townsville (Australian Army) L.H.Q. Gas School, Bonegilla Chemical Warfare Training Area Broadmount, (Central QLD) Base Area Command No. 2, USASOS, Base Section 3 APO 926

 

Storage Facilities

1 Base Ammunition Depot (1BAD) Albury (Australian Army) 88 Mile Chemical Weapon Storage Site, NT (RAAF) Advance Chemical Depot, Aviation, Charters Towers, QLD (US Army)
Calvert Ordnance Depot, US Army (not sure if this stored Chemical Weapons) Charters Towers Ordnance Depot, US Army for storage of Chemical Weapons Chemical Research Unit Bowen (RAAF)
Columboola Ammunition
Dump, US Army for storage of Chemical Weapons
Darra Ordnance Ammunition Depot (US Army) Geelong Ordnance Depot for storage of Chemical Weapons (US Army)
Kangaroo Ordnance Depot for USASOS
at Kurukan, north of Townsville - stored Chemical Weapons (US Army)
Kingswood Ordnance Depot, US Army for storage of Chemical Weapons (US Army) Geelong Ordnance Depot, US Army for storage of Chemical Weapons
Newington Naval Armament Depot, NSW (RAN) No. 1 Central Reserve, No. 2 Sub Depot, Glenbrook Tunnel Chemical Weapons Storage site No. 1 Central Reserve, No. 1 Sub Depot, Marrangaroo Tunnel Chemical Weapons Storage Site (RAAF)
No. 1 Central Reserve, No. 3 Sub Depot, Picton Tunnel Chemical Weapons Storage Site (RAAF) No. 1 Central Reserve, No. 4 Sub Depot, Clarence, NSW (RAAF) No. 19 Replenishing Centre, Talmoi Chemical Weapon Storage RAAF, near Maxwellton

 

Incidents/Events

Mustard Gas Experiments, Mango Avenue, Mundingburra, Townsville, QLD Brook Island Mustard Gas Trials Captain Cone, 42nd Chemical Laboratory Co. and 2nd Lieutenant Parker, Chemical Warfare Service killed in crash of an unknown bomber aircraft near Archerfield Airfield on 5 June 1942

 

Disposal

Chemical Weapons burnt at Australian Field Experimental Station, Proserpine Chemical Weapons burnt at 1 Base Ammunition Depot, Albury, NSW Chemical Weapons burnt at No. 19 Replenishing Centre Talmoi, QLD
Chemical Weapons burnt at Fenton Airfield near 88 Mile, NT Chemical Weapons (2,000 tons) burnt at Newnes State Forest, Blue Mountains, NSW Chemical weapons sunk in SS Bantam off Sydney on 24 Sep 1946
Sea Dumpings of Chemical Weapons off Bowen, QLD about 21 September 1945 Sea Dumpings of Chemical Weapons off Bowen, QLD from Tug Keera on 12 October 1945 Sea Dumpings of Chemical Weapons off Bowen, QLD from Tug Keera on 14 October 1945
Sea Dumping of Chemical Weapons contaminated soil from Darra Ordnance Depot, Brisbane in 1957 off Brisbane in 600 feet of water Sea Dumping of 1/2 ton of Mustard Gas east of Cape Moreton, QLD on 23 January 1970 Various Sea Dumpings of Chemical Weapons off Cape Moreton, near Brisbane, QLD in late 1945
Various Sea Dumpings of Chemical Weapons from Darra Ordnance Depot, Brisbane for months either side of 17 November 1945 Sea Dumpings of Chemical Weapons off Sydney 1 July 1946 to 1 September 1946 (number of trainloads) Sea Dumpings of Chemical Weapons off Sydney around 2 December 1946
Chemical Weapons sunk in ex Manly ferry SS Binngarra off Sydney on 11 December 1946 Sea Dumping of Chemical Weapons from LST 3017 on 17 August 1948 west of King Island off Victoria Sea Dumping of Chemical Weapons from LST 3017 on 25 August 1948 west of King Island off Victoria
Sea Dumping of Chemical Weapons from LST 3017 on 2/3 September 1948 west of King Island off Victoria Sea Dumping of Chemical Weapons from LST 3017 on 8 September 1948 west of King Island off Victoria Sea Dumping of Chemical Weapons from LST 3017 on 10 September 1948 west of King Island off Victoria

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

I'd like to thank Geoff Plunkett and Russell Miller for their assistance with these web pages.

 

REFERENCE BOOKS

"Chemical Warfare in Australia"
"Australia's Involvement if Chemical Warfare 1914-1945"
by Geoff Plunkett

 

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This page first produced 4 October 2009

This page last updated 01 November 2014